Dudek Universal 1.1

Universal 1.1 is refreshed version of its predecessor with upgraded risers and new colour design in four elements schemes.

Universal is the first free flying (EN B) paraglider ever which can be converted by its user into a full-blood paramotor canopy (conforming to the DGAC standard).

Universal is a great free-flying recreational paraglider. Beginning pilots will surely appreciate exceptional comfort in uneasy thermals, resulting from considerable amount of reflex traits present in the design.
On activating the trimmers and setting up the ALC+ steering, Universal 1.1 becomes a full reflex paramotor wing, good for both leisure and cruise flying, thermalling, last but not least for initial paramotor training.
Universal 1.1 is refreshed version of its predecessor with upgraded risers and new colour design in four elements schemes. Dominico cloth is replaced by Porcher, colours of the lines are changed too (according to PMA standards). We have modernized risers equipment, make it more simple and comfortable. Basic parametres of the wing are the same.

As is the case of all our paragliders, the design draws on our long-time experience, simultaneously incorporating state-of-the-art technologies. The Universal is certified EN-B and LTF-B, and is in last stages of receiving paramotor (DGAC) certificates.


Universal is dedicated for beginner and recreational pilots who fly:
- exclusively free (but want to benefit from moderate reflex ability)
- mostly free, sometimes with paramotor
- both free and paramotor
- mostly with paramotor, sometimes free
- exclusively paramotor (but appreciate better economy, easier launch and
nicer handling than in standard paramotor wing, like Synthesis2)

The Universal features Dudek Flexi Egde technology.
Precise shape of the leading edge is ensured by reinforcements of laminated cloth combined with synthetic rods, which significantly improve launch performance and protect the paraglider against collapses at high speed.

Unique CSG system controls canopy coherence along its entire wingspan. Practically eliminating any lateral movements, it renders the canopy almost perfectly rigid.

Most of all, the CSG oversees three key factors:
- it forms the canopy, so that its shape remains as close to designed 3D image as possible, with equally distributed loads. Lack of attention here would result in irregular surface with balloons instead of flat cells (unfortunately, still quite a frequent sight, even on wings of 'renowned' manufacturers).
- CSG stabilizes canopy in flight. No pilot likes to see his wing moving like an accordion, especially as it does significantly hamper its performance.
- CSG improves durability of the paraglider. Simple designs pay for locally accumulated stress with deformations - the most dangerous are those visible as lateral faults on the upper surface between suspension line rows. With the Universal that danger has been practically eliminated.

CSG consists of following subsystems:

VSS (V-shaped Supports) - densely placed diagonal supports, bolstering each rib on both sides (most wings have only one-sided supports). Their size, shape and placement make sure that no lateral folds will occur - a vital factor in preserving laminar airflow, especially at high speeds.
RSS (Reinforcing Strap System) - an independent reinforcement net on lower surface, strengthening and stiffening the whole canopy.
OCD (Optimized Crossports Design) - the intercellar openings of carefully designed shapes, optimally placed between stress lines in the ribs.
CCS (Closed Cell Structure) - This is a number of closed cells in the most important places. Its goal is to hinder the backflow from the cells out, thus facilitating their refill and canopy recovery in case of a collapse.
The only flaws of the CSG are the increase in weight (about 1 kg), material- and labour consumption, and of course overall cost. Yet it is well worth the sweat, as in turn we get a no-compromise product of highest performance and quality, able to keep its original parameters for a long, long time.

The wing is manufactured in new technology, utilising capabiities of precise laser cutter. The entire production process takes place at our Kowalewo facility, ensuring European quality and personal supervision of the designer himself.

The wing is made of Porcher Universal 38g (top) and Dominico 34 g/m2 weight.
Ribs are made of Porcher Hard 40 g/m2.
All reinforcements are made of laminated SR-Scrim Porcher cloth.

All Universal lines have coloured polyester sheath, covering an inner core. Due to low number of lines we've made sure they are strong enough by choosing brown Technora fibres. In this way rigging remains strong and reliable. The colours of the lines are in PMA standard.

All quick-links between risers and suspension lines are made of polished stainless-steel, with proven durability and restiance to corrosion. We use exclusively theattested quicklinks of French Peguet company.

The Universal is equipped with a new version of the alternative steering system. ALC+ is more efficient and affects the canopy in more proportionate way. In effect steering appears to be smoother. System allows for aggressive turns even at full speed, withour spoiling the reflex profile. This is especially important in bigger sizes, without dedicated solutions plagued by big steering forces and poor agility.
The steering part in new Universal is smal TST handle, fixed by magnets. The whole riser scheme has simplified as much as possible. Of course you are free to use just the basic steering handles - with ignoredTST handle the whole system will stay inactive.

TEA (Torque Effect Adjuster)
The task of this feature is to counteract the effect of engine torque, tending to turn the paraglider opposite to the propeller's rotation. TEA balances the torque by adjusting the length of some wingtip lines, and it can be adjusted to match you specific combination of paramotor/propeller. Simple to use, effective and easy to toggle on & off in the air.

ELR (Easy Launch Riser) 
Split 'A' riser (marked with yellow band) for easier launch and 'big ears' application.

Speed System
Speed system affects the A, B and C risers, adding ca. 7 km/h to your airspeed. Features ball-beared pulleys (see below) and a special cord. It has a new, thick-woven pattern, does not fray, does not stretch and perfectly fits our new pulley.
Universal 34 does not have speed system.

Easy Catch - Comfortable Speedbar
The "Easy Catch" is a godsend for all those who have problems catching the bar after starting. Here the speedbar is designed to stay always in front of the speed system lines. Its finish is very robust, so long-term service is guaranteed.

Ball-bearing pulleys
As a first world company we have decided to use ball-bearing pulleys as standard on paramotor wings, in order to minimize speed-system friction. Currently we are using Dudek Smart Pulleys of our own design.
Prepared two levels of the pulley positions let you adjust the system to your suspension height.

TCT - comfortable and universal steering handles
Beside modern look, TCT feature swivels, Easy Keeper system (strong neodymium magnets) and handles offering easy conversion from hard through medium to soft brake handle.

EK - Easy Keeper
Easy Keeper is our original idea to hold the brake handles at the risers. Strong neodymium magnets keep them firmly in place, while both attaching and releasing is smooth and easy.
Exact placing of the magnets on the risers is adjustable.

Trimmers make for some 70% of the available speed envelope, with speed-system governing remaining 30%. It consists of a buckle and a properly marked red tape. Trimmer is designed with fast and simple replacement of the worn-out or damaged tape in mind.
DGAC Approvalyesyesyesyesyes
Cell number5050505050
Surface area flat [m2]23.0025.5028.0031.0034.00
Surface area projected [m2]19.8321.9824.1426.7229.31
Wingspan flat [m]10.8311.4011.9512.5713.17
Wingspan projected [m]8.719.179.6110.1110.59
Aspect ratio flat5,10
Aspect ratio projected3,83
Sink [m/s]min = 1,1
Speed [km/h]min = 23; trim = 37-52; max = 57
Longest chord [mm]26122751288230333176
Shortest chord [mm]601633663698731
Lines+risers length [m]6.827.187.537.928.29
Total lines length [m]344.01362.82380.74401.20420.70
Weight range  DGAC [kg]60-9570-11590-140110-170135-215
Weight range EN [kg]60-7570-9590-115110-140(135-170)
Weight of the wing [kg]5.65.956.46.857.35
LinesTechnora 90 & 140 & 190 & 280 & 340 & 420
ClothPorcher Classic 38 g/m2
Dominico 34 g/m2, Porcher Hard 40 g/m2, SR Scrim, SR Laminate 180 g/m2
RisersPasamon - Bydgoszcz, Polska

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